A Brief on Endometriosis

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Endometriosis is classified as severe lower abdominal pain, especially during menstruation or sexual intercourse. It affects 3% to 10% of sexually mature women and is rarely found in girls before menstruation, but traces of endometriosis can be found in nearly half of all teenage girls. Endometriosis can only be genuinely diagnosed by a medical professional by performing a laparoscopy, which is a medical check.

What causes Endometriosis?

There are several credible theories as to what causes endometriosis, though the most widely explored idea is that of retrograde menstruation, which is the thought that some excess blood and tissue from the uterus during menstruation can travel to the fallopian tubes and abdominal cavity. This build-up of menstrual waste can lead to endometriosis and pain.

What are some of the symptoms?

  • Lower abdominal/pelvic pain during menstruation

  • Constant lower abdominal/pelvic pain

  • Cyclical lower abdominal/pelvic pain (pain right before/right after a period)

  • Pain during sexual intercourse

  • Subfertility (extreme difficulty getting pregnant)

  • Infertility

  • Pain with bowel movements

  • Bloating

  • Constipation

  • Blood/pain in urination

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding

What are the treatments?

If a doctor confirms the diagnosis of endometriosis, they can recommend a treatment of medications like ibuprofen, prescribe a hormone-affecting drug such as oral contraceptives (a birth control pill), or conduct a surgical intervention to assist in pain relief.

If you think that you may have endometriosis, please know that you are not alone, and speak to your doctor to try and find relief.

Bliss HealthMegan Larson